Healthy living


  • Contraception is something you do or use to prevent pregnancy.
  • There are different methods of contraception available. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages.
  • Your GP or sexual health clinic can help you choose the best type of contraception for you.
  • Condoms are the only method of contraception that also protects against sexually transmissible infections (STIs).

If you have penis-in-vagina sex, it is possible for a pregnancy to begin.

A pregnancy begins when a sperm and egg join and then implant into the uterus (conception).

Contraception is something you do to stop the egg and sperm joining – which means there is no pregnancy.

Types of contraception

There are many highly effective contraception options available.  Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is important to choose one that suits you and your partner(s). The

type you choose will depend on your general health, lifestyle and relationships.

These won't work as contraceptives

  • standing up while you have sex
  • putting things into the vagina after having sex, for example, rinsing with water, soft drinks or aspirins
  • taking a hot bath
  • using plastic cling film instead of a condom.

More information

If you and your partner need some help making a decision on contraception, the services listed below can give you advice. 

Most of these services are free. Please telephone first to see if you need an appointment.

Your GP or a doctor of your choice

Sexual Health Quarters

  • 70 Roe Street, Northbridge
  • Phone: (08) 9227 6177
  • Outside metro area – phone: 1800 198 205 (free from landline only)


  • 227 Newcastle Street, Northbridge
  • Phone: 6330 5400
  • Outside metro area – phone: 1800 998 399 (free from landline only) 

Multicultural Women’s Health Centre

  • 114 South Street, Fremantle
  • Phone: 9431 0500

Derbarl Yerrigan Health Service

  • 156 Wittenoom Street, Perth
  • Phone: 9421 3888

Your local community, school and child health nurse

Sexual Health and Blood-borne Virus Program, Public Health

This publication is provided for education and information purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical care. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not imply endorsement and is not intended to replace advice from your healthcare professional. Readers should note that over time currency and completeness of the information may change. All users should seek advice from a qualified healthcare professional for a diagnosis and answers to their medical questions.

Anyone can be a HealthySexual: talk, test, protect